COVID-19 Testing Options: 

 

Testing is one of the pillars of our nation’s response to the Coronavirus pandemic and our Emergency Authorized Use (EAU) diagnostic testing options are focused on high accuracy, ease of administration and rapid detection.

Saliva Test

Primary Difference

This is an easy -to-use collection kit and is administered without direct physical engagement of a medical professional.

How does it work?

The test utilizes a swab that is rubbed over all the surfaces in the oral cavity until it is sufficiently saturated with oral fluid.

Sample needed

The saliva-based nature of the test allows the specimen to be collected with little patient discomfort.  The collection kit comes with an indicator that allows the donor to know when the swab has sufficient fluid.  The swab is deposited in a glass vial, sealed and sent to the laboratory for testing.

When should I get it?

You can take this test whether you have symptoms or not.

 

Swab Test

Primary Difference

This test can detect early and onset infection with the most accuracy.

How does it work?

This test uses a technology called PCR (polyamerase chain reaction), which greatly amplifies the viral genetic material if it is present. That material is detectable when a person is actively infected.

Sample needed

This is a nasopharyngeal (nose/throat) test which takes only seconds and may be mildly uncomfortable.

When should I get it?

You can take this test whether you have symptoms or not.

 

Blood Test

Primary Difference

It does not show whether a person is currently infected. Antibodies can be found in the blood of people and can indicate if a person has had an immune response to the infection.

How does it work?

An antibody test is a blood test that looks for the presence of antibodies, which are specific proteins made in response to infections.

Sample needed

This test requires a small blood sample.

When should I get it?

You can take this test if you currently do not have symptoms and/or have recovered from COVID or if you would like to know if your body has antibodies to the virus.